This delta area, including Mafia Island, is protected by the highest international level of wetland protection, called the Ramsar Convention. 115 MW Rufiji hydopower plant at Stiegler’s Gorge will commence in June, according to Tanzania’s Energy Minister Dr Medard Kalemani.. [41][42], The contracts to build the dam were given to two Egyptian firms after diplomatic negotiations between Tanzania's President Magufuli and Egypt's President Sisi. The Rufiji River plays a central role in creating this environment. The Stiegler's Gorge Dam will therefore harm the wetland areas of the Selous and the wide variety of mammal and bird life that use it, including numerous waders, storks and herons as well as hippo and crocodiles. The total project cost is estimated to be $647.4m, which will be financed entirely by foreign capital. BREAKING NEWS! CNBC Africa. 2 In his speech, Hon. Regardless, the short and long-term negative impacts on the wildlife of the park will undermine the reason for hunting and photo tourism. People living in the valley also utilise lakes which are replenished by annual floods. [72], Another key impact is on fishing in the Rufiji River delta. There are also significant concerns over poaching which has been a longstanding issue in the Selous Game Reserve. [29] In April 2019, the Tanzanian government made an upfront payment of US$309.645 million, representing approximately 15 percent total cost of construction. The grand project will cost Tanzania $3 billion, and targets to generate 2,115 megawatts of electricity. Some of these are technical, concerning the construction of a project that stands up and functions (producing electricity) for the intended 50 years. This force of water during the wet season changes the Rufiji River's path, creating a shifting pattern of oxbow lakes, dried river channels and wetland. Power transformers of 235-353MVA each and having a combined capacity of 2,470MVA will be installed. The Ministry of Energy through the Government of the United Republic of Tanzania has set aside fund for Hiring Consultancy Services for Development of Rufiji Hydropower Project. Also known as Rufiji Hydroelectric Power Station, the project has also involved diversion of Rufiji water to allow construction of the electric dam. At the same time, Nyerere's government engaged US Authorities and in particular the Bureau of Reclamation and Tennessee Valley Authority. The project’s scope of work is the construction of a dam on Rufiji River with total length 1025m at crest level and 131m dam level and storage capacity 34 billion m3; a hydropower plant with a capacity of 2115mw in the Morogoro on Rufiji River southwest of Dar … Hydropower is a capital-intensive technology with long lead times for development and construction due to the significant feasibility, planning, design and civil engineering works required. [68] Building the Stiegler's Gorge Dam will therefore harm fisheries around the Rufiji delta. [22], This power station is located in Selous Game Reserve, one of the world's largest World Heritage sites, measuring 45,000 square kilometres (17,000 sq mi). Rufiji valley is the largest valley in Tanzania. President Nyerere saw hydropower dams as key deliverers of his ambitious modernisation programme. proposed Rufiji Hydropower Project”, dated April 2019 (“the Rufiji Assessment”) that relates to the planned Rufiji River Hydropower Project (RRHP). The project execution committee chairman, Juma Idd declared that preparations for the proposed 2,100MW Rufiji hydropower plant at Stiegler’s Gorge are well underway in order for construction works to commence. According to the Tanzanian government, the project is expected to cost around $3 billion to build, but an independent study by Joerg Hartmann released earlier this year said that the dam may end up costing over three times initial estimates. The RRHP comprises a 130m high dam on the Rufiji river at Stiegler’s Gorge, creation of a 100km long, c.914km2 reservoir plus a power plant, a The first such bid was made by IDF (Infrastructure Development Finance Ltd) of South Africa and Energen of Canada in 2006–2008. Such a reduction would reduce the reliability of the reservoir, as it would make it more directly dependent on precipitation. [38][39][40] The government also handed out rights to log the large reservoir area, which could bring in significant revenue. The Rufiji hydroelectric dam project, with a projected capacity of 2,100 MW, is not unfamiliar territory for Elsewedy Technology. The hydropower project will cost TZS 6.5 trillion(USD 1.38 billion) and will be the largest in East Africa, the fourth-largest in Africa, and the ninth-largest in the world when completed. There has not been a supervising, 'owner's engineer' appointed to ensure the quality of construction. [15] Maximising the fiscal advantage of the country's increasing economy, early speeches by government ministers in 2006 indicated that the Stiegler's Dam would be a priority. Assessor Joerg Hartmann said it would likely cost $7.58 billion once financing and other costs are taken into account, with cost overruns potentially driving it … Planning for the Stiegler's Gorge project advanced with three donor organisations. The Government of the United Republic of Tanzania has allocated funds towards the cost for the Construction of Rufiji Hydropower Project at Stiegler's Gorge along In February 2019, the government of Tanzania handed over the construction site to the consortium comprising Arab Contractors and El Sewedy, both of Egypt, who had been selected to build the power station. Nyerere Hydropower Project. In 2018, the Tanzanian government and the Contractors signed a contract worth US$ 2.8 billion fully funded by the Tanzanian government for the project, where the US$309 million was a 15 per cent advance payment of the total cost of the project. Another risk concerns environmental and social impacts. Installed capacity has been reported to be between 1366.60 megawatts[35] and 1,602 megawatts. This supported the Brazilian company Odebrecht. When Odebrecht rewrote feasibility and design studies for the dam in 2013, they estimated that it would cost £3.6 billion. Tanzanian politicians and officials first discussed the project over four decades ago. After the allocation of a portion of the national budget for the project in 2018, in February 2019, the government will officially hand over to the contractors. The wet season also refills and connects lakes in the Selous Reserve. Project Gallery. [18] However, Tanzanian interest in the dam appeared to stall by 2014, delaying any implementation. [54][55][56] This financial situation could delay or stop payments to the contractors which would harm or derail construction. The Selous contains a number of endangered species, including white and black rhinoceros, lion, cheetah, Sanje crested Mangaby, wetland crane, lesser kestrel, Udzungwa red colobus monkey, Udzungwa forest partridge and rufous-winged partridge. The government officially handed over the area around the 2,115-MW Rufiji hydro project to joint venture contractors Arab Contractors Company and Elsewedy Electric Company . This consists of a large wetland, marsh and savanna area. [30][31] As of June 2020, the project is 40 percent complete. Joerg Hartmann, an independent expert and assessor on the sustainability of hydropower projects, said the dam was likely to cost $7.58 billion once financing and other costs were taken into account, rising to $9.85 billion on account of cost overruns associated with such projects. The government officially handed over the area around the 2,115-MW Rufiji hydro project to joint venture contractors Arab Contractors Company and Elsewedy Electric Company . The grand project will cost Tanzania $3 billion, and targets to generate 2,115 megawatts of electricity. However, research demonstrates that many people living in the valley value such large floods, seeing them as a blessing in the longer term, not a plague. The hydropower plant will also require transmission lines. When completed, it will produce 2115MW of electrcity as well as create 5400 plus jobs. Then, the cost of the project was estimated at $1,380 million. In addition the dam would probably stop the The building of the dam will bring a visual impact on this area because of the improved roads and large number of vehicles transporting materials to the dam. A number of reports cast doubt on the ability of the Tanzanian economy and electrification schemes to absorb the dam's demand. However, the project was not implemented because electricity needs by then were very small. The river's annual irrigating and fertilising flood creates a rich area of farmland below the park. The power generated will be evacuated via a new 400kV high voltage power line to a substantiation where the power will be integrated into the national electricity grid. The head of the African Union has urged Kenya and Somalia to exercise restraint, and de-escalate tensions along their borders. Using contemporary dam cases, he suggests that, after excluding socio-environmental mitigation, the current cost estimation should be US$7.57billion, rising to US$9.8billion if a conservative amount of overrun is factored in.[52][53]. The hydropower project will cost TZS 6.5 trillion(USD 1.38 billion) and will be the largest in East Africa, the fourth-largest in Africa, and the ninth-largest in the world when completed. Impact assessments indicate these could be affected by a future project.[71][68][16][69][72]. "This project is … This contracting arrangement and the appointed companies entail important risks. This salinity balance supports the largest mangrove stand in East Africa.[75]. [9] These studies primarily envisioned irrigation infrastructure with a small dam at Stiegler's Gorge to reduce flooding and protect downstream irrigation infrastructure. The idea of constructing the dam was first conceived by founding president Julius Nyerere, but had to be shelved due to financial constraints. The project has been scheduled to be completed in three years. 2100 MW Power Generation from the Rufiji Hydropower Project in Selous Game Reserve, Pwani and Morogoro regions, Tanzania” of 18 October 2018 (“the EIA”) that relates to a planned hydropower project to be built at Stiegler’s Gorge in the north of Selous Game Reserve (“the Project”). [9][12] There were also growing environmental concerns around the project, prompting the first Environmental Impact Assessment in Tanzania. The Rufiji River has a strong seasonal variation. MINISTER for Energy Dr Medard Kalemani has called on people and government leaders from 11 regions that would benefit from the gigantic Julius Nyerere hydro power project on Rufiji … [48][49][36][38], The Stiegler's Gorge Dam's financial costs are contested. The country was using only 100MW of electricity. Prawns and other fish numbers are underpinned by the river's wet season pulse. The dam will be fourth-largest in Africa and ninth in the world. The majority of Tanzania's power shortfalls occur in the dry season and in below-average rainfall years, this causes electricity shortages which are socially and economically damaging. The government has publicly stated that the dam will be financed by Tanzania's national budget, yet no funding package was announced and the World Bank and other financiers rejecting support for the dam. 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