The Port of Rotterdam is not only Europa’s largest port, but also the most efficient, serving as a round-the-clock shipping hub which never sleeps. In 1965, before containerization, a crew could move 1.7 tons of goods per hour. “You see traditional harbour work disappearing. Container shipping routes via Port of Rotterdam. Typically, containers arrive via specialized ships at designated ports that have the particular equipment for unloading and loading the cargo as well as loading it onto trucks that can bring the goods to their destinations. Most of their movements are automated, the remaining manoeuvres remote-controlled. Nautische Zahlen im Rotterdamer Hafen: ein sicheres und aktives Jahr mit etwas weniger Schiffen. In Oakland, like the rest of the United States, all three are operated by humans. APM Terminals Maasvlakte II erreicht Rekordumschlag. A smart port is an automated port that uses nascent technologies such as big data, Internet of Things (IoT), blockchain solutions and other smart technology based methods to improve performance and economic competitiveness. Difficult as the transition toward port automation may be, we can’t afford to shy away from the challenge. Needless to say, providing buyouts to force retirement on these union workers, many of whom have dedicated their entire working lives to port operations, is not an appetizing prospect for the terminal operators. Oliver Franklin-Wallis, “Eighty-five percent of the consumer goods you see around you were once transported by container,” says Rademaker. As with previous disruptive technology ILWU will need to be compensated for any reduction in jobs. But today’s containers are nothing more than six sheets of metal welded together. In January 2016, the port of Rotterdam saw its first strike in 13 years. The most difficult part of the port to automate is the gantry crane, which plucks the container from the ship—partly due to the extreme potential danger involved. In Rotterdam’s other terminals, almost every single transport vehicle and stacking crane are fully automated. Naturally, there are more berths for ships and cranes in Rotterdam, so that doesn’t necessarily mean Rotterdam is more productive (it could simply just be bigger). OnTrack Rail Logistics Optimisation. A second reason for the delay in adopting modern automation is the effect on union jobs. The PORT AUTOMATION suite of smart solutions for ports and terminals.. We deliver operational efficiency, improve operational processes, and promote a safer working environment and culture. The Port of Rotterdam and the construction industry are embracing digitisation at a rate of knots. Center’s projects test sharing of European port … The pair have established a private LTE network at the port, using spectrum licensed by the Dutch regulator for local usage. Port 4.0 will generate more value for port operators, suppliers, and customers alike, but that value isn’t proportionally distributed across ports and their ecosystems. However, humans get tired and distracted, and don’t consistently operate at peak performance. Everyone's happy, apart from dockers, By Captain AI was the first startup to test its software on RPA3. Dutch industrial tech provider Koning & Hartman and Irish private-network provider Druid Software have extended their work to bring automation and intelligence to operations at the Port of Rotterdam. Now, it’s a hub for innovation in Rotterdam – the port that wants to be the world’s “smartest”. But if objects are talking with each other and taking autonomous decisions, certain jobs will disappear,” he says. “Containers are still left behind on docks, or unloaded in the wrong port, and nobody notices until [they] fail to arrive at their destination. Stam believes that Rotterdam’s terminals are harbingers of a global upset. Welcome to WIRED UK. Mehr Info. Today’s reality is that we have to start selling colour TVs.”, No-deal Brexit would trigger a huge data problem, The iOS 13 privacy settings you should change right now, Tesla has created a battery that could last one million miles, ️ Four-day working weeks aren't the utopia they seem, Get the best tech deals and gadget news in your inbox, By While the process of automation hasn’t yet started in the Port of Oakland, Rotterdam began implementing port automation back in the 1990s. “By making the floating lab available for testing, we can validate the existing technology but also discover what technology is still lacking,” says programme manager Harmen van Dorsser. The automation of container terminals at Rotterdam, the growth of activity at the port, and protecting the jobs of dockworkers is at the center of the dispute, said Niek Stam, head of FNV Havens. What is a Smart Port? Maintaining that edge requires foresight. In Oakland, it’s extremely expensive to run a second shift to quickly unload a ship because it is necessary to pay employees overtime wages in order to do so. Cranes and containers lock and load all hours of day and night. Wegener runs through a list of pros of self-driving ships. This Roadmap is aimed at optimizing the value creation of the port area by making smart use of the combination of maritime infrastructure and waterways. It handles about 470 million tonnes of freight each year, contributing €45.6 billion (£40.9bn) or 6.2 per cent of GDP to the Dutch economy directly and indirectly, according to a recent study by Erasmus University Rotterdam. The 42-kilometre stretch running from the city to the North Sea is Europe’s biggest port. While this may be music to the ears of environmentalists and shipping industry insiders hoping that the U.S. catches up with the rest of the world (the Port of Rotterdam … In Rotterdam, it’s much more the normal course of business to operate two or three shifts per 24 hour period, especially for container yard deliveries. In the newest terminal at Rotterdam, however, a single person who operates this crane sits in an office and controls it the machine from his or her computer. In the shipping world, a “container” is defined as a standardized 20, 40 or 45 foot long steel receptacle that houses any variety of goods. The smart bollard was developed in collaboration with Straatman BV, Zwijndrecht. But the reality is that software automation can not only make this process faster and safer, but available at a lower variable cost. This standardization, of course, alleviates concerns over how to pack a ship, what’s on it, whether the goods will be stolen at the dock, or whether it fit on a certain truck or train. This Roadmap makes the Rotterdam port area a leader in smart logistics: transport chains are sustainable, reliable and efficient and Rotterdam is a hub in the global logistics network… Read more. All terminals in the Port of Oakland still run 1st, 2nd and 3rd shift operations as needed based on volume, it is just at much higher cost to both capital and human assets. Exciting? In some European ports this was done successfully, and we could make sure that the impact on workers was mitigated and that benefits coming from the automated facilities in terms of enhanced productivity were shared with the employees. Much like the driverless car in the automotive world, connected ships operate autonomously and communicate with each other to avoid the risk of a collision. Kitted out with sensors that measure conditions including vibration, slope and temperature, it will spend two years travelling the world to collect data that should give insight into what containers encounter during their journey. He says autonomous ships will be much safer than their human-captained counterparts, citing an Allianz Global Corporate & Specialty report which found that 75 per cent of maritime accidents are currently due to human error. RWG is the first deep sea terminal to be 'LNG ready' in the Netherlands. In Rotterdam, Rademaker expects jobs to disappear beyond the terminals as well. Not only in terms of size, but also with regard to quality. But in many ways, the Port of Oakland, and most American ports in general, are some of the most technologically antiquated in the world. We’re almost there,” says Wegener. While many high-wage, developed countries have embraced and integrated automation in the process of moving shipping containers, Oakland has shied away from more technologically advanced solutions. Awake.AI, which specialises in AI and machine learning, has helped the port to create a digital port and ship platform with digital handshakes between ships and ports through Awake’s own smart platform. It should go without saying that automation makes ports operate faster, but the exact reasons for this are less obvious. From the perspective of a ship coming into a port with containers and in the simplest terms, there a three critical pieces of technology: the “gantry cranes” that lift the containers from the ships, the transport vehicles that move the containers strategically around each port’s container yard to a designated delivery location, and the stacking cranes that pile up the containers so that trucks can come take them away. The reduction of CO₂ emissions and efficient use of raw and residual materials are important tasks for the Port Authority. The port of Rotterdam wants to be able to host autonomous ships by 2030. This power was used to oppose the introduction of containers in the 1960s and, later, computerized systems for tracking cargo. The vessel is a LNG-powered vessel of the very large container ships (VLCS) generation. Container zwischen Schiffen und der landseitigen Flotte von 62 batteriebetriebenen Lift-Automated Guided ... Welt, die Container heben und stapeln kann. A key reason that Oakland and the United States lag in terms of automation is that upgrading to automated systems is extremely expensive: new, fully automated terminals cost over a half a billion dollars to implement. By . Digitisation and automation allow collaboration in an increasingly complex environment. The industry metric for number of containers is the “TEU”, or “twenty-foot equivalent unit”. The Port of Rotterdam Authority has launched a smart bollard trial at the Hutchison Ports ECT Delta, as part of efforts to make operations more efficient through digitalisation.. All ports on the West Coast of the United States are organized under a single union, the International Longshore and Warehouse Union (ILWU), which gives them a tremendously powerful collective bargaining position. The port hopes that, one day, these sensors will be able to communicate directly with other autonomous systems, including self-driving ships. More Port of Rotterdam News & Analysis . People used to work in big teams. No matter what the size of your port is, it provides immediate measurable benefits when put into operational use. The first of its kind, the Norwegian ship Yara Birkeland, will not launch until 2020, and is expected to operate fully autonomously only in 2022. For exporters, who move containers from truck to ship, this process operates in reverse. Abigail Beall. “This year we want to give a demo where the vessel identifies an object and sails around it. To learn more about the transformative potential of 5G and other smart technologies, book a place at Port Technology's Container Terminal Automation Conference – CTAC2019 . Port of Rotterdam installs smart bollard at ECT Delta terminal Port of Rotterdam Authority successfully installed a smart bollard at the quay of the Hutchison Ports ECT Delta terminal on the Maasvlakte. As ships coming from Asia dock in the San Francisco Bay, these industrial behemoths quickly usher goods-bearing containers off the deck and onto land. Port of Rotterdam Authority. However, let’s take our best stab at figuring out just how much more efficient Rotterdam is than Oakland. Insurance coverage is not available in all jurisdictions. This is a far cry from Oakland, where every transport vehicle has a driver and each stack crane has multiple operators working in pairs for a single shift as well as dockman and clerks to help coordinate and direct the operators and vehicle flow within the container yard. Port terminal automation is no different from any other form of technological disruption, which almost inevitably leads to displacement of some segments of the workforce. That is why, to get a handle on autonomous sailing’s practicalities, the port of Rotterdam has created a “floating lab”: former patrol vessel RPA3 has been decked out with cameras and sensors and made available to startups and students for autonomous shipping experiments. After investing hundreds of millions of dollars, Rotterdam’s port boasts an operation in which all stacking cranes that pile up the containers and transport vehicles are run by software. In the 2014 shipping year, 12.3 million TEUs passed through Rotterdam, compared to 2.4 million in Oakland. 265 automated guided vehicles (AGV) 137 automated stacking cranes (ASC) 3.250 reefer connections ECT Delta Barge Feeder Terminal Beerkanaal: Total area: 7,5 ha Quay length: 0,8 km Depth: 10-11 m Barge/feeder cranes: 3 Center’s projects test sharing of European port data. Port of Rotterdam Authority successfully installed a smart bollard at the quay of the Hutchison Ports ECT Delta terminal on the Maasvlakte. Sign up for a Flexport account or ask to see our platform in action. Accenture, By Kalmar has won an order from Rotterdam-based DR Depots comprising nine dedicated ECH mast trucks and one Gloria reach stacker. Now the industry is embarking on its latest innovation journey, connected shipping. The snag? The terminal began automated operations in 2015. All transactions are subject to Flexport’s standard terms and conditions, available at www.flexport.com/terms 沪ICP备16041494号, Using Data to Manage Carbon Emissions in Global Transportation, Impact of Petya Cybersecurity Attack on Businesses Shipping with Maersk, 30K Donors and Mission-Driven Organizations Help Communities in Need, Outbreak of Covid Cases at Ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach Escalates an Already Fraught Situation, Carriers May Break from Blank Sailings at Chinese New Year, Providing Cues for 2021 Planning. While the process of automation hasn’t yet started in the Port of Oakland, Rotterdam began implementing port automation back in the 1990s. IBM Internet of Things Rather than waiting for a storm to happen, we create conditions like snow and rain within our simulator and use it to train the algorithm.”. By Moreover, even if in general there is a loss of employment, in most automated terminals the number of workers required by the operations is always … Self-steering container ships do not exist yet. First, and perhaps most importantly, high levels of automation make it easier to have multiple shifts per day and better utilize expensive capital assets (cranes, trucks, berths, etc). Innovative business models and forms of collaboration will be required to realize this vision. “Close your eyes, that’s intellectual property,” says Gerard Kruisheer, a co-founder of the Dutch startup. Start. The Port of Rotterdam is the largest seaport in Europe and the largest outside of Asia, located in the city of Rotterdam in the province of South Holland in the Netherlands.From 1962 until 2004 it was the world's busiest port, now overtaken first by Singapore and then Shanghai.In 2018, Rotterdam was the world's eleventh-largest container port in terms of twenty-foot equivalent units (TEU) handled. Europe’s busiest ports search for answers to barge congestion . The port of Rotterdam was the first port in the world with automated guided vehicles (AGVs), and the first with automated terminals. However, as automation reduces the price of shipping, we should expect to more shipping, which will partially offset some of the job losses. Writing in black-marker is scrawled over the glass walls of the office of Captain AI. Publicly available data tells us that there are 36 gantry cranes in Oakland versus 103 in Rotterdam (note: this is pre-automated terminal, which is only just getting started, but will add 26 more cranes). A person is still operating the controls of the gantry crane, but that person now has software assisting him, making the job more comfortable, easier, and more productive. The automation of container terminals at Rotterdam, the growth of activity at the port, and protecting the jobs of dockworkers is at the center of the dispute, said Niek Stam, head of FNV Havens. Nevertheless, several mitigating factors may allow automation to proceed. Containers (almost) let you treat the physical atoms of the world like computerized bits. Human-operated and software-operated cranes, can, in theory, move containers at the same rate. Captain AI is training a self-sailing software with navigation data and testing various scenarios in a sea simulator. Smart | 25/01/21 Namely, the smart bollard was developed in collaboration with Straatman BV, Zwijndrecht. The ports, and the level of efficiency with which they can process goods, have profoundly affected the global economy. New building blocks can easily be added as needed. The AGM for the global Ports & Terminals returns to Rotterdam . The Port of Rotterdam is the largest seaport in Europe and the largest outside of Asia, located in the city of Rotterdam in the province of South Holland in the Netherlands.From 1962 until 2004 it was the world's busiest port, now overtaken first by Singapore and then Shanghai.In 2018, Rotterdam was the world's eleventh-largest container port in terms of twenty-foot equivalent units (TEU) handled. Cargo insurance is underwritten by an authorized insurance company and offered by Flexport affiliates. Loes Witschge. While the process of automation hasn’t yet started in the Port of Oakland, Rotterdam began implementing port automation back in the 1990s. In the long run, however, technology ends up creating better jobs and expanded opportunities across broad spectrums of the economy. The difficult economics of port automation In Oakland, teams of humans operate on-site gantry cranes. 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